Distribution of finger-millet in ISEA 8 Map 4. The crop is cultivated in diverse eco‐geographical areas. Read full article By Yerroju Sridevi @ Pinnacle IHM Photo Credit: ICRISAT Finger millet popularly referred to as Ragi in Telugu, has taken its origin in Africa and later spread […] Ethiopian terms for finger-millet 5 Table 6. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) has small pointed seeds. Finger millet is a robust, tufted, tillering annual grass and the inflorescence is a panicle with 4-19 finger-like spikes that resembles a fist when mature, hence it is named as finger millet. With growing health consciousness, environmental concern, and the pressing need for updating our food systems to survive climate change, millets, probably the earliest of cereal grains that humans started domesticating, are making a comeback. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! • Cultivated in 23 countries on 3.38 million ha producing 3.76 m t mainly in Africa and Asia. 1eusine corocana . The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions. is a cereal grass grown mostly for its grain, which is a staple food in many African and South Asian countries (for information concerning the feed uses of the grain, see the Finger millet, grain datasheet). About finger millet • Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] Place of Origin: India Classification : The genus Eleusine consists of eleven species. Millets are extremely hardy crops with some, like Proso millet, needing just 70 days to be ready for harvest. Experts often refer to finger millet as a famine crop due to … Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. The oldest evidence for finger millet dates to 3000 BC from what is now central Sudan where this grain was domesticated. The species has two subspecies, africana (Kenn.-O’Byrne) K.W. is an important subsistence cereal in parts of Africa and south Asia. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa, with 97% of millet production in developing countries. Finger millet commonly known as ragi and mandua in India is one of the minor cereals a native of Ethiopia, but grown extensively in various regions of India and Africa, constitutes as a staple food that supply a major portion of calories and protein to large segments of the population in these countries especially for people of low income groups. It was claimed to have been found in an Indian archaeological site dated to 1800 BCE (Late Bronze Age); however, this was subsequently demonstrated to be incorrectly identified. Distribution: Finger millet is cultivated in the drier areas of Africa and Asia, with highest production in India. Finger millet is an important staple food in parts of East and Central Africa, and India, particularly in Karnataka. Immature millet grains - why remove when processing? It is used for malting and brewing. Finger millet has an excellent food value as its seeds contain protein ranging from 7 to 14% and are particularly rich in methionine amino acid, iron, and calcium. • The finger millet strategy was initiated in December, 2009 and discussions took place with international, regional and national partners through email discussions … ssp. Eleusine coracana ssp. However, in Africa, finger millet is second and represents 19% of millet … The Millet Foundation is a public charitable trust registered in Bengaluru, India. It is believed that Ethiopia or a neighboring region (Uganda) is the center of origin of finger millet, but in India, it was introduced probably over 3000 yr ago. Seeds are used to make flour which can be used to make bread, porridge or pancakes. Finger millet grows well in semi-arid tropical climates and is also adapted to high altitude in mountainous regions. Cereals Food crops Tropical crops Staple food Forage and fodder crops, Your email address will not be published. Finger millet originated in East Africa (Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands) and came to India around 2000 BCE. Several small grain cereals are all known by the name “Millet” but are actually different crop species. A recent cytogenetic study confirmed the direct origin of this millet from the tetraploid E. coracana subsp. features of the finger millet utricle in greater detai 1 than has previously been published. Although finger millet is one of the most ancient domesticated plants in Africa (Hilu, DeWet, and Harlan, 1979), its lack of genetic variability suggests an origin that is … Table 5. 1 Scope. It is believed that Ethiopia or a neighboring region (Uganda) is the center of origin of finger millet, but in India, it was introduced probably over 3000 yr ago. Finger millet is a cereal grown mainly in drier regions of Africa and Asia. Finger Millet is probably of Indian or African origin. iv. Cultivated finger millet was domesticated about 5 000 years ago from the wild subspecies in the highlands that range from Ethiopia to Uganda. Finger-millet in India 6 Map 3. These samples were from two … French and English: from a pet form of the personal name Miles. Finger millet is a traditional crop of many ethnic groups in Kenya, but "nowadays grown to a relatively smaller extent than before." … A brief history of millets Millet grains have been discovered in pots used for storing grans and seeds discovered at archaeological sites in present day China, India, Europe and different parts of Africa. It is a hardy crop that can be grown in very diverse environments from almost at sea level to about 2400 m.a.s.l. Compare the English term miliary fever. West African terms for finger-millet 5 Table 7. coracana), an important cereal in East Africa and India, is a tetraploid species with unknown genomic components. It is grown for hay in North America and western Europe, and it is an important food crop in China and other Asian countries. Indian and East Asian names for finger-millet 7 Table 8. Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 meters above sea level. However, it was grown since ancient times as a traditional food for the Keiyo, Marakwet, West Pokot, Tugen, Giriama, Taveta, Teso, Luo, Luhya, Kisii, Kikuyu, Ilchamus, Embu, Taita, Kuria, and Kamba. One finds many millet preparations in traditional cuisines surviving to this day in different parts of India, China, Japan, Korea, Russia, Turkey, Russia, Ethiopia, etc. Together with corn, finger millet is used in Kenya to brew opaque beers. Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load and the changes in blood sugar levels, Dehusking small millets - its what we retain that matters. It belongs to the Poaceae family, Chloridoideae sub-family The species has two subspecies; africana and coracana . When compared to other cereal grains, millets do not ask much from the soil, are rain fed, and are not susceptible to pests either in the field or during storage. Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Cultivated finger millet is highly variable within its primary centre of origin in Africa and secondary centre in Indian sub-continent. This East African Standard specifies the requirements and methods of sampling and test for finger millet grains of varieties (cultivars) grown from Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertner intended for human consumption, i.e., ready for its intended use as human food, presented in packaged form or sold loose from the package directly to the consumer. Application of System of Rice Intensification concepts and methods to the growing of finger millet, known in much of India as ragi, was one of the first extensions of SRI thinking, starting in India, but then also undertaken in Ethiopia.Finger millet is a major cereal crop for the poor in both South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *. Finger Millet is the main food grain for many peoples as it is higher in protein, fat and minerals than rice, corn or sorghum. Considering how likely it would be that early humans would be able to access dry, rain fed lands as compared to wetlands, it becomes apparent that millets would be the go to grains to meet dietary needs. Finger millet [Eleucine coracana(L.) Gaertn.] is a small cereal grain grown in the semi-arid sub- tropical and tropical regions of Africa and Asia where it is one of the cereal staples (ICRISAT/FAO 1996, Obilana and Manyasa 2002). It is an organization supporting players in the millet value chain seeking technical resources and promotional materials. and central Africa. It is widely cultivated in tropical Asia and East Africa and on the rainy slopes of the Himalayas up to 2300 m elevation. Millets have been a good part of the staple diet among many communities across the world. This adaptation to short cultivation times is probably what made this the staple grain of nomadic communities across the Central Asia, spreading far as these tribes moved from place to place. Finger millet is often used for human consumption, sometimes as a staple food. africana but questioned Eleusine indica as … Millets have been a good part of the staple diet among many communities across the world. In fact, as we move forward in time, we see that as agricultural communities were able to avail of irrigation, more and more of them have lose out on their millet heritage. Until the large scale investments in paddy and wheat promotion through the green revolution, millets were the staple grains of large sections of the population that did not have access to assured irrigation for their lands. Millet grains have been discovered in pots used for storing grans and seeds discovered at archaeological sites in present day China, India, Europe and different parts of Africa. Usually harvested by hand. The plant is native to Africa, Asia, Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands. Finger millet originates from east Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia. Many of the minor millets are endangered, as they are getting depleted, and some of them have even totally been eliminated.” Each millet has an importance of its own. coracana, belongs to the family Poaceae, genus Eleusine in the tribe Eragrostideae. Finger millet [Eleusine coracana(L.) Gaertn. is an important cereal food crop in Africa and South Asia. Finger millet is an important food crop grown in rain-fed uplands in the Dry zone and Intermediate zone of Sri Lanka. belongs to family Poaceae. Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) ],a widely grown traditional and highly nutritious grain cereal cultivated in the semiarid areas of Eastern and Southern Africa and - It is a tetraploid species with 2n=36, and self-pollinating. The seeds can be stored for a long time. Domesticated finger millet was then also farmed in the lowlands of Africa. Finger millet grains — Specification. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Finger millet is the fourth millet in terms of worldwide production after sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica) (Upadhyaya et al., 2007). We find millets popping up in literature, sculptures, paintings,  folk songs and religious compositions from different times and geographies. 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