The answer is really very simple. Lucrezia Borgia (q.v. [20][21] On the same occasion Byron claimed to have stolen a lock of Lucrezia's hair – "the prettiest and fairest imaginable"[21] – that was also held there on display. Child of Lucrezia Borgia and Alfonso de Aragón-1. Omissions? According to lore, Lucrezia was trained to be a sly courtier by … The child (identified in later life as Lucrezia's half-brother) was most likely the result of a liaison between Rodrigo Borgia (Pope Alexander VI, Lucrezia's father) and an unknown mistress and was not Lucrezia's child. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Fathering children was not an odd occurrence for popes in Rome. Rodrigo Borgia better known as Pope Alexander VI is the pope and father to four children: Cesare Borgia, Juan Borgia, Joffre Borgia, and Lucrezia Borgia . The Controversial Queen of Beauty: Lucrezia Borgia. He therefore called off Lucrezia's previous engagements and arranged for h… As he was ruthlessly ambitious and had absolutely no scruples when it came to using all his children to make his political influence even stronger, he was also almost maddeningly devoted to all of … Children. [7] The pope asserted that his daughter's marriage had not been consummated and was thus invalid. of Naples, they married on 11. In 1481 or 1482, a fourth child, Gioffre, was born. Lucrezia Borgia was a woman of and ahead of her time. On a spring day in 1480, Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia ordered various astrologers to his home in Rome to tell him the future of a newborn child. Storyline Rodrigo Borgia, Pope Alexander VI, has three adult children: Juan, who is virtuous and has a sweetheart who is a woman of the people, Lucrezia, who is virtuous and wants to marry Alfonso, and Cesare, who is wicked and lusts after Lucrezia, Juan's girlfriend, and probably others. Lucrezia Borgia is thought to be his mother, perhaps through her lover Perotto Calderon—but much darker rumors persisted. Lucrezia herself died a few days after a difficult pregnancy, on 24 June 1519. [27] These physical attributes were highly appreciated in Italy during that period. Birthplace: Subiaco, Italy Location of death: Ferrara, Italy Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, Convento del Corpus . One, St. Francis Borgia (1510–1572), a great-grandson of Rodrigo, was canonized. A stillborn daughter (1502), First child by d'Este; Isabella Maria d'Este (born and died on 14 June 1519). She was buried in the Clarissan convent of Corpus Domini in Ferrara, dressed in her habit of a Franciscan tertiary. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lucrezia-Borgia. Borgia was born into a greedy and vicious family and many believe she was equally ambitious and ruthless. After a long history of complicated pregnancies and miscarriages, on 14 June 1519 Lucrezia gave birth to her tenth child, named Isabella Maria in honour of Alfonso's sister Isabella d'Este. Lucrezia Borgia was born in April of 1480 in Subiaco. Many believed he was the child of a relationship between Lucrezia and either her father Pope Alexander or her brother Cesare. [11], It was widely rumored[12] that Lucrezia's brother Cesare was responsible for Alfonso's death, as he had recently allied himself (through marriage) with France against Naples. Lucrezia Borgia, (born April 18, 1480, Rome—died June 24, 1519, Ferrara, Papal States), Italian noblewoman and a central figure of the infamous Borgia family of the Italian Renaissance. Deceased: 24. Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia are two of the most infamous people in the Italian Renaissance. Giovanni went to stay with Lucrezia in Ferrara after Alexander's death, where he was accepted as her half-brother. Lucrezia Borgia was born in Rome in 1480. According to his biographer, the Chevalier became a great admirer of Lucrezia's, considering her a "pearl on this Earth".[25]. Lucrezia Borgia was born on 18 April 1480 at Subiaco, near Rome. One painting, Portrait of a Youth by Dosso Dossi at the National Gallery of Victoria, was identified as a portrait of Lucrezia in November 2008. The second bull was kept secret for many years, and Giovanni was assumed to be Cesare's son. She was buried in the convent of Corpus Domini. Cesare was Rodrigo's favourite son. [39], At least one biographer (including Maria Bellonci) claims that Lucrezia gave birth to three more children, one by Alfonso of Aragon and two by Alfonso d'Este, who did not survive infancy. It is rumoured that Lucrezia was in possession of a hollow ring that she used frequently to poison drinks. The Borgias were a noble family from the years of the renaissance. After seeming to recover for two days, she worsened again and died on 24 June the same year. See more ideas about lucrezia borgia, the borgias, the borgia. Lucrezia Borgia is rated "Good" by our guests. After resigning as his father’s cardinal in 1498 — the only person in history to do so — Cesare Borgia participated in various military conquests across Italy. Rodrigo Borgia better known as Pope Alexander VI is the pope and father to four children: Cesare Borgia, Juan Borgia, Joffre Borgia, and Lucrezia Borgia.He had two mistresses Vanozza Dei Cattenei and Giulia Farnese.. Cesare is Lucrezia's older brother. Three marriages, which were politically advantageous for the Borgias, were arranged for her. Deutsche Seite. ; 1480–1519), a daughter of Rodrigo and a patron of the arts, became famous for her skill at political intrigue. Accordingly, Lucrezia was in 1493 married to Giovanni Sforza, lord of Pesaro. Lucrezia Borgia was the daughter of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, later to become Pope Alexander VI, and his mistress Vannozza Cattanei, who was also the mother of Lucrezia's two older brothers, Cesare and Giovanni. He later married into the family of French King Louis XII, another alliance forged by his father. [29][30][31][32][33] This painting may be the only surviving formal portrait of Lucrezia Borgia; however, doubts have been cast on that attribution. She is known to have retired to the convent of San Sisto in June 1497 to await the outcome of the annulment proceedings, which were finalized in December of the same year. The motets on this disc, Lucrezia Borgia’s Daughter: Princess, nun and musician, were published anonymously in Venice in 1543, and though still anonymous when republished in 1549, there is good reason to believe they are the work of Suor Leonora d’Este, the daughter of Lucrezia Borgia (yes, that Lucrezia Borgia) and Duke Alfonso I d’Este of Ferrara. Lucrezia Borgia had four children, Rodrigo (12) , Ercole (51) , Ippolito (63) and Isabella (1) . Alexander asked Giovanni's uncle, Cardinal Ascanio Sforza, to persuade Giovanni to agree to an annulment of the marriage. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Lucrezia Borgia was born on 18 April 1480, in Subiaco, near the city of Rome, Italy. Lucrezia retired to Nepi, and during this period the mysterious Infans Romanus (Roman Infant) was first seen, the three-year-old boy named Giovanni, with whom Lucrezia appeared in 1501. While recovering, he was strangled by one of Cesare’s servants. The bodies of Pedro Calderon[9] and a maid, Pantasilea, were found in the Tiber in February 1498. Rodrigo Borgia, Pope Alexander VI, has three adult children: Juan, who is virtuous and has a sweetheart who is a woman of the people, Lucrezia, who is virtuous and wants to marry Alfonso, and Cesare, who is wicked and lusts after Lucrezia, Juan's girlfriend, and probably others. June 1519. In 1491 the young Lucrezia was successively betrothed to two Spanish nobles. The affair between Francesco and Lucrezia was passionate, more sexual than sentimental as can be attested in the fevered love letters the pair wrote one another. Giovanni Borgia (1) b. Her three successive marriages into prominent families helped augment the political and territorial power of the Borgias. Ferdinand I (2 June 1423 – 25 January 1494), also called Ferrante, was the King of Naples from 1458 to 1494. Her mother Vannozza dei Cattanei was one of the mistresses of her father, Spanish Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, who later became Pope Alexander VI. They spent their time sleeping, murdering, and buying their way to infamy, and helped ruin the Catholic church while they were at it. Rodrigo Borgia de Aragón (1) b. It is shown that their intimacy in tow with their friendship is their tiny corner of happiness, away from the violence and corruption all around them. Seeking to strengthen his ties with Naples, the Pope in 1498 arranged a marriage between Lucrezia and the 17-year-old Alfonso, duke of Bisceglie, an illegitimate son of Alfonso II of Naples. Lucrezia and Alfonso’s court was held in high esteem and they would go on to have eight children – though only four of them would survive to adulthood. Among his children, Cesare and Lucrezia were by far the most infamous. Mention the Medieval period and people free-associate themselves right into visions of plague, violence, and shit-covered peasants. Lucrezia returned to Rome shortly after her father’s victory, Gioffre and Sancia made it back in May, and Giovanni joined the clan in August. In historical perspective, however, she seems to have been more an instrument for the ambitious projects of her brother and father than an active participant in their crimes. [17] It has been claimed that the affair ended when Francesco contracted syphilis and had to end sexual relations with Lucrezia. When Rodrigo became Pope Alexander VI, he sought to be allied with powerful princely families and founding dynasties of Italy. Lucrezia was the third child born to Alexander and his mistress, the thrice-married Vannozza (Giovanna) dei Cattanei. Lucrezia had several children by Alfonso d'Este. In 1475 Rodrigo Borgia was a cardinal. But after her father became pope in 1492, he sought an alliance with the Sforza family of Milan against the Aragonese dynasty of Naples. Lucrezia Borgia was born on 18 April 1480, in Subiaco, near the city of Rome, Italy. The murder provoked the desired rupture with Naples. In March 1498, the Ferrarese ambassador claimed that Lucrezia had given birth, but this was denied by other sources. April 1480. [3], They were married in 1498, making Lucrezia the Duchess consort of Bisceglie and Princess consort of Salerno. Children of Lucrezia Borgia and Alfonso I d'Este, Duca di Ferrara-1. He is described as a devote Catholic, but he is not the perfect Catholic cardinal, let alone the perfect choice for the position of Holy Father. Like many aspects of Cesare Borgia's life, the date of his birth is a subject of dispute. In September 1475, Cesare Borgia was born. This time, the Borgia family were looking to tie their family to the Estes of Ferrara – a proud and ancient House. Her brothers included Cesare Borgia, Giovanni Borgia, and Gioffre Borgia. He was the. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. She received an extensive and thorough education according to her social stature. Jofré Borgia (1481-1517), Prince of Squillace, his first spouse was Sancia of Aragon († 1506), an illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso II. He married Lucrezia on 12 June 1493 in Rome. {Some sources state that Giovanni returned the dowry. While a cardinal, he took as his mistress Vannozza de Catanei who bore him four children, including Cesare (born 1475) and Lucrezia (born 1480). At the time of Lucrezia’s birth, Rodrigo Borgia was aged forty nine, a cardinal and the father of five other children, three sons and two daughters by various mothers. She would also become proficient in the lute, poetry, and oration. The couple’s other children … [40], Spanish-Italian duchess-consort of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio (1480-1519), This article is about the historical person. The mysterious origin of the child as well as Lucrezia’s presence at a celebrated night orgy at the Vatican have been used to support the rumours of incest in the Borgia family. ; c. 1475/76–1507), son of Rodrigo, achieved political power while ruthlessly attempting to establish a secular kingdom in central Italy. Lucrezia played an active role in the defence of her new home, Ferrara. Directed by Jon Amiel. 5 Apr 1508, d. 3 Oct 1559-2. Her father Rodrigo was a cardinal in the Catholic Church when she was born. Their love letters were deemed "The prettiest love letters in the world" by the Romantic poet Lord Byron when he saw them in the Ambrosian Library of Milan on 15 October 1816. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In September 1475, Cesare Borgia was born. She began to spend more time in her apartments or in nearby convents, and turned to religion. Cesare Borgia (q.v. Lucrezia had become very weak during the pregnancy and fell seriously ill after the birth. He already had four children by a selection of mistresses and Cesare was the first of four others he would father by Vannozza Catanei. [15][16] Francesco's wife was the cultured intellectual Isabella d'Este, the sister of Alfonso, to whom Lucrezia had made overtures of friendship to no avail. [2] Her mother was Vannozza dei Cattanei, one of the mistresses of Lucrezia's father, Cardinal Rodrigo de Borgia (later Pope Alexander VI). Her first was annulled due to supposed non-consummation, while her second husband was murdered by Cesare’s servants. 1498, d. 1548. She was a thoroughly accomplished princess, fluent in Spanish, Catalan, Italian, and French, which prepared her for advantageous marriage to any European monarch or prince, and literate in both Latin and Greek. Lucrezia Borgia, sister-in-law of Isabella of Aragon, the Duchess of Milan. They are extremely close, and have a strong bond. Another description said, "her mouth is rather large, the teeth brilliantly white, her neck is slender and fair, and the bust is admirably proportioned."[28]. The second, contradictory, bull recognized him as the son of Pope Alexander VI. [3], After the death of Lucrezia's second husband, her father, Pope Alexander VI, arranged a third marriage. For other uses, see, Duchess-consort of Ferrara, Modena, and Reggio, The only confirmed Lucrezia portrait painted from life (attributed to, First marriage: Giovanni Sforza (Lord of Pesaro and Gradara), Second marriage: Alfonso d'Aragon (Duke of Bisceglie and Prince of Salerno), Third marriage: Alfonso d'Este (Duke of Ferrara). The first, Giovanni or Juan, was born in Rome in 1474. Lucrezia's mother was his mistress of some years, Vannozza Cattanei, who was also the mother of two older children by Rodrigo, Giovanni and Cesare. In 1510, Pope Julius II excommunicated Alfonso as part of his machinations to add Ferrara to the Papal States. https://musicasecreta.com/product/lucrezia-borgias-daughter She had two elder brothers, Cesare and Giovanni. Vannozza bore four children during her relationship with Cardinal Borgia. As cardinal and pope, Rodrigo fathered a number of children by his mistress Vannozza Catanei. …the king of Naples; and Lucrezia was given first to Giovanni Sforza of Milan, and, when that marriage was annulled by papal decree on the grounds of impotence, she was married to Alfonso of Aragon. Oct 29, 2013 - Explore Jillian Hart's board "Lucrezia Borgia" on Pinterest. He had two mistresses Vanozza Dei Cattenei and Giulia Farnese. Upon his assassination Lucrezia received as a third husband Alfonso I d’Este, duke of Ferrara.…. In 1512 Lucrezia withdrew from public life, possibly from the news that Rodrigo, her son by Alfonso of Aragon, had died. With Jeremy Irons, François Arnaud, Holliday Grainger, Joanne Whalley. Lucrezia, Cesare and Alexander play key roles in, She is featured as a major plot point in the 1994 TV movie, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 00:41. [8] The Sforza family threatened to withdraw their protection should he refuse. A fourth child – … The Borgia — Lucrezia Borgia. Lucrezia Borgia was an Italian noblewoman and daughter of Pope Alexander VI. A child was born, however, in the Borgia household the year before Lucrezia's marriage to Alfonso of Aragon. Updates? The job of raising Lucrezia, however, was given to Rodrigo's cousin, the widow Adriana daMila. Two illegitimate children of Pope Alexander VI, the first things many think when they hear the names of these siblings are that they were incestuous, murderous and evil incarnate. See, Durant, Will. [3], Before long, the Borgia family no longer needed the Sforzas, and the presence of Giovanni Sforza in the papal court was superfluous. Lucrezia's name is not mentioned in either, and rumors that she was his mother have never been proven. [citation needed] Giovanni refused and accused Lucrezia of paternal incest. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. There is little doubt that she was adored by her father, who was, by all accounts, a parent many would today call “a helicopter parent,” though Alexander certainly took … When Alexander allied himself with Naples, and Milan with the French, Giovanni, fearing for his life, fled from Rome and became an enemy of the Borgias, later charging incestuous relations between Lucrezia and Alexander. The mysterious origin of the child as well as Lucrezia’s presence at a celebrated night orgy at the Vatican have been used to support the rumours of incest in the Borgia family. The first, Giovanni or Juan, was born in Rome in 1474. [citation needed], On 26 February 1491, a matrimonial arrangement was drawn up between Lucrezia and the Lord of Val D'Ayora, in the kingdom of Valencia, Don Cherubino Joan de Centelles, which was annulled less than two months later in favour of a new contract engaging Lucrezia to Don Gaspare Aversa, count of Procida. He became the leading figure in the saga of the Borgia family, both as a perpetuator of evil and a facilitator of the activities of these two most famous of his children. She studied at Convent of St. Sixtus located very near to her temporary residence, where she was staying with her father’s third cousin Adriana de Mila since 1… Take a look through our photo library, read reviews from real guests and book now with our Price Guarantee. 18-year-old Sancia allegedly began having an affair with either one or both of her husband’s brothers, probably because her 14-year-old husband wasn’t done with puberty yet. In Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia: Brother and Sister of History’s Most Vilified Family, Samantha Morris expertly separates rumour from fact to provide a balanced appraisal of these famous siblings; their strengths and weakness. Rodrigo Lanzol y de Borja had been born in Aragon and was educated in Italy where his uncle, Alfons de Borja, had been elected to the Papacy as Pope Calllixtus III in 1455. He even persuaded Pope Sixtus IV to pronounce Cesare legitimate so that he could hold an office in the Church. On 24 June 1519 Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara and daughter of Pope Alexander VI, died, ten days after giving birth to her ninth child. Jul 23, 2015 - Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519), Duchess of Ferrara. She was a pawn, a chess piece for her father and brother’s political plans. Lucrezia Borgia was the third child of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia and his favourite mistress, Vannozza dei Cattanei. Pope Alexander VI was far from the only scandalous Borgia. He is described as a devote Catholic, but he is not the perfect Catholic cardinal, let alone the perfect choice for the position of Holy Father. After two failed marriages, one of which had ended in the murder of Alfonso Duke of Bisceglie, Lucrezia Borgia was once more on the marriage market in the year 1500. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Rodrigo fathered eight or maybe even nine children. Lucrezia Borgia, duchess of Ferrara, daughter of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, afterwards Pope Alexander VI, by his mistress Vanozza dei Cattanei, was born at Rome in 1480. This marriage was arranged by Cesare to consolidate his position in the Romagna. Many historians don’t think the Borgias deserve to be remembered as terribly as they are. Lucrezia Borgia. In September 1475, Cesare Borgia was born. When Alexander VI died in 1503, Lucrezia ceased to play a political role and led a more normal life at the brilliant court of Ferrara, which became a centre for the arts and letters of the Italian Renaissance. A notorious reputation precedes her, and she is inextricably, and perhaps unfairly, linked to … With Conrad Veidt, Liane Haid, Albert Bassermann, Paul Wegener. There has been speculation that during the prolonged process of the annulment, Lucrezia consummated a relationship with someone, perhaps Alexander's chamberlain Pedro Calderon, also named Perotto. Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara, was the daughter of Alexander VI, the future pope and she had married thrice into famous families that helped her own family to have a flourishing political career. Lucrezia Borgia (Italian pronunciation: [luˈkrɛttsja ˈbɔrdʒa]; Valencian: Lucrècia Borja [luˈkrɛsia ˈbɔɾdʒa]; 18 April 1480 – 24 June 1519) was a Spanish-Italian noblewoman of the House of Borgia who was the daughter of Pope Alexander VI and Vannozza dei Cattanei. Vannozza bore four children during her relationship with Cardinal Borgia. Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519) was the only daughter of Pope Alexander Vl. Ercole II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara+1 b. Several rumours have persisted throughout the years, primarily speculating as to the nature of the extravagant parties thrown by the Borgia family. The marriage was a short one. He therefore called off Lucrezia's previous engagements and arranged for her to marry Giovanni Sforza, a member of the House of Sforza who was Lord of Pesaro and titled Count of Catignola. Lucrezia Borgia (q.v. In the first, he was recognized as Cesare's child from an affair before his marriage. Born: 18. As Andrew Alexander writes, “she is primarily remembered as the daughter of a corrupt and scheming pope and the sister of an immoral and murderous brother. In 1493, Lucrezia married Giovanni Sforza – it was a marriage of politics, Pope Alexander VI believed that having the Sforza’s as his allies would help him in his political endeavours and it was a way of thanking the Sforza family for their help in electing him as pope. Daughter of pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia) and Vanozza Catanei. [22][23][24], Lucrezia met the famed French soldier, the Chevalier Bayard while the latter was co-commanding the French allied garrison of Ferrara in 1510. Alfonso d’Este, son of Ercole I, duke of Ferrara, married Lucrezia on December 30, 1501, although he shunned the union for a time because of the Borgias’ unsavoury reputation. One example is the Banquet of Chestnuts. The child was sickly and – fearing she would die unbaptised – Alfonso ordered her to be baptised straightaway with Eleonora della Mirandola and Count Alexandro Serafino as godparents. Rodrigo Borgia (later Pope Alexander VI) and especially his children, Lucrezia Borgia and Cesare Borgia, wreaked havoc around Rome. Born in 1480, her name and that of her family would be vilified down the centuries. Giovanni was offered her dowry in return for his cooperation. On a spring day in 1480, Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia ordered various astrologers to his home in Rome to tell him the future of a newborn child. [5] Giovanni was an illegitimate son of Costanzo I Sforza and a Sforza of the second rank. We’ll even let you know about secret offers and sales when you sign up to our emails. Among his children, Cesare and Lucrezia were by far the most infamous. Father: Pope Alexander VI. Lucrezia—not her husband—was appointed governor of Spoleto in 1499; Alfonso fled Rome shortly afterwards but returned at Lucrezia's request, only to be murdered in 1500. Lucrezia Borgia (q.v. The careers of the Borgia children were decided and laid out before them before they could even waalk. Lucrezia was mother to seven or eight known children: Giovanni Borgia, "infans Romanus" ("Child of Rome", c. 1498–1548) had his paternity acknowledged by both Alexander and Cesare in two separate Papal bulls, but it was rumoured that he was the child of Lucrezia and Perotto. Take a look through our photo library, read reviews from real guests and book now with our Price Guarantee. The … https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/lucrezia-borgia-6514.php May 1494, his second spouse was his cousin Maria de Mila, they had four children: Francesco, Lucrezia, Antonia and Maria Appearance [edit | edit source]. Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519) was the only daughter of Pope Alexander Vl. Rumors about her and her family cast Lucrezia as a femme fatale, a role in which she has been portrayed in many artworks, novels and films. Child of Lucrezia Borgia-1. She turned to religion in her last years and died at the age of 39. Corrections? 1. Lucrezia and Alfonso had one child, Rodrigo of Aragon, who was born in 1499 and predeceased his mother in August 1512 at the age of 12. Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519), daughter of Pope Alexander VI has been painted in very dark colors, and she has been accused of many crimes and excesses. He had a total of three children with Vannozza, and Lucrezia had two elder brothers, Cesare and Juan. Another notable child of Rodrigo’s was Lucrezia, used by her father as a diplomatic pawn. Upon Cesare’s alliance with the French king Louis XII (1499) and his subsequent campaign in the Romagna, which threatened Naples, Alfonso fled Rome in August but returned with Lucrezia in October. She reigned as the Governor of Spoleto, a position usually held by cardinals, in her own right. Unlike most educated women of her time, for whom convents were the primary source for knowledge, her education came from within the sphere of intellectuals in the court and close relatives, and it included a solid grounding in the Humanities, which the Catholic Church was reviving at the time. Daughter of Pope Alexander VI and sister of Cesare, she is often accused of sharing in their many crimes and excesses but was more likely just an instrument for their ambitious projects. In 1481 or 1482, a fourth child, Gioffre, was born. The anti-Borgia propaganda from those times, the fact that games such as Assassins Creed play up to these rumours and the fact that numerous television shows (Borgia for one – thankfully The Borgias hasn’t crossed that line yet) and Borgia novels (The Borgia Bride has a rather disturbing incestuous scene between Pope Alexander and his daughter). 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However, in Subiaco, near the city of Rome, Italy Cause of:... A secular kingdom in central Italy 1510, Pope Alexander VI, arranged a third husband Alfonso I ’! To persuade Giovanni to agree to an annulment of the Renaissance a Cardinal in the Italian Renaissance and founding of. Family threatened to withdraw their protection should he refuse result many of them are my direct ancestors that she buried. Young Lucrezia was successively betrothed to two Spanish nobles difficult pregnancy, on 24 June the year... Two papal bulls recognized the child of Lucrezia Borgia was an illegitimate son of... During that period probably the true father the historical person annulment of the marriage 's uncle Cardinal! Plague, violence, and as a result many of them are my direct ancestors agreeing news. Steps of St. Peter ’ s servants and had to end sexual relations with Lucrezia great-grandson Rodrigo... 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